Today we are approving a road map for the implementation of the second stage of decentralization reform, the key goal of which is to hold local elections in 2020 according to a new territorial basis. This task was set up by President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko and the Government of Ukraine. This was announced by Vice Prime Minister/Minister of Regional Development, Construction, Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine Hennadii Zubko, while commenting on the action plan for implementation of the Concept of reforming of local self-government and territorial organization of power in Ukraine for 2019-2021 approved by the Government.
"Implementation of the road map will allow to solve the key issues regarding the formation of a new territorial basis for the activities of the authorities at the level of communities and districts; transfer of powers to local self-government bodies and their differentiation between levels on the principle of subsidiarity; creation of an adequate resource base for the exercise of powers by communities; formation of an effective system of service in local self-government bodies; updating the system of state control and monitoring the legality of the local self-government bodies, etc. ", the Vice Prime Minister stressed.
The process of amalgamation of communities has been underway since 2015. The number of consolidated communities (CCs) increased from 159 in 2015 to 876 in 2018. 50 CCs have already accessed to up to 24 cities of regional significance, and 71 communities joined up to 37 already formed CCs. The Government approved perspective plans for the formation of CCs in 23 regions, except for the Zakarpattia region. They cover 82% of the territory of Ukraine and envisage formation of 1285 CCs. 18 regions are already fully covered by CCs, in 145 districts CCs make up more than half of their area, 44 CCs are formed within the boundaries of several districts. Almost 37% of all CCs established in early 2015, have already amalgamated and formed capable local self-government authorities assuring representation of the interests of 68% of the Ukrainian population and cities of regional significance.
"However, at this stage of the implementation we are facing a number of challenges both at the central and at the regional level. Under the jurisdiction of the Regional State Administrations there are 6820 communities and this is 62%, village, settlement, city councils which have not united. Almost 18% of Ukraine's area is not yet covered by promising plans. And this means that Ukrainians in these communities are deprived of an opportunity to receive high-quality infrastructure, educational, medical services. Thus, the successful implementation of the second stage of decentralization by 2021 will strengthen the capacity of the communities, create a new quality of services and as a result a new quality of life for people", Hennadii Zubko underscored.