On March 21, at Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine there took place parliamentary hearings on the topic "National Innovation System of Ukraine: Status and Legislative Support of Development" in which participated First Vice Prime Minister/Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine Stepan Kubiv, Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine Lilia Hrynevych, deputy chairman of the line committee of the Parliament Olexii Skrypnyk.
The key objective of the parliamentary hearings was defining primary steps to promote the development of innovation, as well as the coordination of joint legislative initiatives of the Parliament, the Government and scientists to ensure the development of innovation in the economy and intensification of low innovation activity in Ukraine.
In his speech Stepan Kubiv emphasized that, despite a considerable amount of inventions and inventors in Ukraine, there is still a very low level of utilization of results of such inventions in the real sector of the economy. Thus, according to Stepan Kubiv, the State Statistics Service provides data that in 2014-2016, the share of enterprises engaged in innovation activity was 18.4%. In this case, only 11% innovative technologies are used in the real sector. The largest share of technologically innovative activities was recorded among large enterprises - 31%. 90% of innovations at enterprises are introduced at their own expense, 3.1% - through foreign investments, 2.9% - funded from other sources.
"The lack of a strategy and distinct priorities for the development of innovation destroyed the Ukrainian system of scientific research, focused on further introduction in the industry. We have developed a series of systemic decisions, but we need Parliament's support. First of all, we see it vital to authorize the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade to shape an innovation policy for the real sector of the economy, that is, to amend the law on innovation activity", Stepan Kubiv emphasized.
Moreover, he urged to form a vision of the state policy in innovation activities sector and to draft a new legislative framework to support innovation, in which to consolidate the best international practices: examples of European legislation, recommendations of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), solutions developed by the Ministry of Economic Development in synergy with experts and the line committee of the Parliament.
"It is necessary to streamline the rather complicated legislative regulation of innovations aimed to establish a business-oriented policy to support the demand for innovation for large and small businesses, startups, and to shape a single vision for the formation and implementation of state policy in the sector of innovation activity in Ukraine", Stepan Kubiv summed up.