Deshadowing of the economy and the establishment of a flexible labor market tailored to the needs of employers and workers' capabilities will allow to prevent outflow of the labor force from Ukraine and to attract specialists to our country in the medium term. Prime Minister of Ukraine Volodymyr Groysman announced during a special meeting with the leadership of the Ministry of Social Policy, the Ministry of Finance, other line authorities and economic experts.
The Head of Government stressed the existence of the problem of labor migration from Ukraine. However, this problem has been confronted for decades, and it was not yet resolved. "The consequences are felt today. Ukrainian businessmen are already saying that there is a lack of skilled personnel", the Prime Minister stressed.
At the same time, as the participants of the meeting noted, finding a job abroad according to the decree of education is extremely difficult. The data released by State Statistics Service of Ukraine indicates that only 26.8% of labor migrants worked abroad according to their professional skills, 36% - got jobs that did not require qualifications, almost 30% worked in a completely different field - not on the speciality at all.
Men, who the most frequently leave the country in search of work, are involved in construction work, women work as housemaid. A high number of the labor migrants work in agricultural sector, primarily in seasonal work.
According to the Prime Minister, one of the ways to solve the problem is to prepare specialists in accordance with the requirements and expectations of employers and to ensure decent wages.
"Migration is not unique to Ukraine. People emigrate to other countries - where salaries and living standards are higher. If wages are rising in Ukraine, people will be more likely to live in their own country. We need to find instruments that will enable the business to find workers, and will allow Ukrainian workers to find decent jobs", Volodymyr Groysman emphasized.
The attendees noted that in the context of the reduction of migration Ukraine should act simultaneously on several fronts. The key one is the implementation of reforms and the revitalization of economic activity. This will contribute to the creation of working conditions and the formation of motivation for people to return to Ukraine and to stay here and work for the good of their country.