Experts, representatives of the ministry and employees of various sectors of the economy in the format of inter-regional teleconference discussed new opportunities for protection of labor rights of Ukrainians, which is encapsulated in the draft law on labour.
Increasing the number of higher-paying official jobs, easy employment and comfortable working conditions are the main guidelines of the new Labor Law drafted in the framework of comprehensive employment reform in Ukraine.
Minister of Economic Development, Trade and Agriculture Tymofiy Mylovanov stressed that only 50 percent of able-bodied Ukrainians work legally. There exists a high demand for official jobs in the country that are possible to create after the bill is passed. The Minister also emphasized that the bill aims to legalize labor relations.
"We plan to create an additional 1 million legal jobs by 2024. During 5 years we commit to reduce the unemployment rate almost twice up to 5%. The state should help people find work faster not in four months, as it is now, but in two months. Ukrainians have deserved decent living and comfortable working conditions - it's time to do it together," the Minister commented on the priority areas for amendments to the employment legislation.
During the event, the main new developments of the draft law were discussed, in particular:
- transition to a exclusively written form of fixation of labor relations;
- introduction of 7 types of employment contracts, as well as flexible working hours, which will facilitate the legalization of modern conditions of cooperation, such as freelance, distance working and others;
- introduction of material compensation in the amount of 1 to 6 salaries in case of dismissal of the employee at the request of the employer instead of the existing precedents of a fictitious dismissal of employees without any financial compensation.
In addition, major rumors regarding the document on the legalization of forced and overtime work, the elimination of benefits for pregnant women and women with children, and the diminishing role of trade unions were quashed.Indeed, the bill encapsulates new provisions to protect the rights of employees.
The rights of pregnant women and those on maternity leave remain and will be protected.
.Opportunities for people with disabilities and retirees are expanding. They will be able to work remotely or on a flexible schedule, receive legal employment and social guarantees, as well as insurance record needed for pension.
Youth are given the opportunity to work legally due to introduction of student employment contracts.
Vacation and sick list are preserved.
The working week lasts 40 hours.
Information concerning the length of service remains, it will not be lost due to the use of e-work record book.
The labor unions will not be liquidated and will continue to work.
Public discussions on the draft law will continue in the format of press events, as well as meetings with representatives of labor associations, employers and profile experts.