• Українською
  • Effective and Safe Waste Management

    This reform sets out to create a proper infrastructure of waste management facilities, improve the environment, people's hygiene and epidemic protection.

    Reducing waste generation and waste accumulation at landfills and waste dumps, enhancing waste sorting and recycling, encouraging waste-free and environmentally friendly technologies.

    Why change anything?

    The country annually produces around 400 million tons of waste, of which as little as 6% is processed. This is very low compared to EU countries, which process about 40% of all waste.

    Huge quantities of waste accumulated in Ukraine and lack of effective waste management intensify the environmental crisis and slow down national economy.

    Lack of an effective waste management mechanism, low institutional capacity of government agencies, inadequate multi-agency collaboration, and lack of strategic planning all contribute to a growing number of unauthorized dumps landfills and an overload of landfills.

    Pursuant to the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement, Ukraine is implementing the EU Directives on Waste in domestic law which will improve the waste management system and help in the transition to a circular economy, implementation of an effective hierarchy of waste management, and an extended producer responsibility, and create an effective system of waste management planning nationally, regionally, and locally.

    What does the reform involve?

    1. Introducing key notions

    Important goals of the reform include creating a system of definitions fully harmonized with European laws. It is new terms together with the implementation of the National List of Wastes that will help Ukraine and the EU to be on the same page regarding waste management.

    2. Extended producer responsibility

    The reform puts total responsibility for the management of waste generated throughout consumption of a product on the producer. The extended producer responsibility system will apply to products such as packaging, electric and electronic equipment, batteries and accumulators, vehicles with an expired service life, oils, tires etc.

    3. Creating a National List of Wastes

    The reform lays the foundation for the National List of Wastes which will fully match its European counterpart. Waste will be classified in accordance with the National List of Wastes and the Guidance on the Classification of Waste based on its origin, composition, and the maximum concentration of hazardous substances.

    Based on the National List of Wastes, they will be classified as:

    • hazardous waste;
    • non-hazardous waste;
    • waste to be assessed.

    Following research and analysis of the content of hazardous components, waste to be assessed will be classified as hazardous or non-hazardous. The waste owner can classify waste as hazardous without conducting research.

    Key achievements

    • The 2030 National Waste Management Strategy was adopted to define the vision, priorities, and targets of the reform.
    • The National Waste Management Plan was approved to determine the objectives and practical steps enabling Ukraine to move to a new, European waste management model by 2030.
    • The Coordination Council for implementation of the 2030 National Waste Management Strategy in Ukraine was established to facilitate concerted action by central and local government agencies related to producing and implementing public policy in the area of waste management.
    • Five key laws were drafted, including On Waste Management (in the process of approval by central government agencies), On Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (under revision), On Batteries and Accumulators (under revision), On Waste Packaging (discussions with business), On Municipal Waste (under revision).
    • Guidelines on the Creation of Regional Waste Management Plans have been drafted. The waste management system has two key levels, national and regional. The strategic vision and key targets to be achieved are introduced on the national level. Substantive cluster-based planning (i.e. where and how waste is generated and what should be done about it) of a specific number of waste management sites and entities is carried out regionally.
    • Guidelines have been created for Ukrainian regions for them to prepare their own regional plans — practical guides on waste management in oblasts which should become investment plans.

    Goals and objectives for the current year

    • Proposing draft laws critical for the reform to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
    • Producing and submitting documents to the Government on creation of a central government agency in charge of waste management.
    • Approving the Guidelines on the Creation of Regional Waste Management Plans.
    • Drafting regional waste management plans.
    • Establishing an information center for the collection, processing, analysis, and distribution of information about waste management.

    The reform is implemented by

    the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine, the Ministry of Regional Development, Construction, Housing, and Utilities of Ukraine, the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, the Ministry of Healthcare, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, Vtorma Association, Ukrainian Production and Environmental Union for the Procurement and Use of Secondary Materials, the Swiss–Ukrainian project to support decentralization in Ukraine (DESPRO),the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine, Ecoreanimation, Ecoaction,No Waste Ukraine, Mama-86, National Ecological Center of Ukraine, Scrap your batteries!, Clean Country.

    Key documents and useful links