Ukraine continues to comply with its international obligations and take action to reduce industrial pollution. Today, September 23, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine approved the bill "On Prevention, Reduction and Control of Industrial Pollution".
The document was developed by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources of Ukraine to ensure the implementation of the provisions of Directive 2010/75 / EC "On Industrial Emissions" (integrated pollution prevention and control) and compliance with the terms of the Association Agreement with the EU.
"The bill provides for the introduction of an integrated permit for large enterprises, which are the largest polluters. These are, in particular, enterprises in the field of energy, production and processing of metals, processing, mineral raw materials, chemical industry, etc.," said the Minister of Environment and Natural Resources of Ukraine Roman Abramovskyy.
According to him, the integrated permit will set requirements for the amount of pollution and the necessary measures to reduce the impact of enterprises on the environment. It will cover requirements for air pollutant emissions, special water use and waste management. Obtaining such a permit from major polluters will be mandatory.
In addition, an electronic system for issuing integrated permits will be introduced. This will reduce the administrative burden on businesses and optimize the interaction of government, business and the public, will make the procedure as transparent as possible.
Businesses will be required to monitor emissions and report annually on compliance with the integrated permit conditions. If these conditions are violated, the permission may be revoked. This means that the work of the enterprise will be suspended until the legal requirements of the state are fulfilled.
Adoption of the bill will establish clear procedures for control of industrial pollution on the territory of Ukraine and will stimulate enterprises to modernize production and introduce new best available technologies. This should have a positive impact on the environment and human health.
After all, according to the Institute for Health Assessment and Measurement, in 2016, air pollution in Ukraine led to more than 58,000 deaths. Global pollution causes about 16% of premature deaths each year.