President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy has signed the Law "On All-Ukrainian Referendum", adopted by the Verkhovna Rada on January 26, 2021. It was developed in close cooperation with international organizations, representatives of civil society and educational community. This was announced by Deputy Minister of Justice Oleksandr Banchuk.
"This law will enable us to involve more people in decision-making at all levels, starting with statist decisions - and this requires a referendum tool. The relevant law is aimed, first of all, at implementing the constitutional norms on the all-Ukrainian referendum and providing people with a real opportunity to get rid of the monopoly of politicians on solving issues of national importance," said the Deputy Minister of Justice.
According to him, the Law stipulates that a referendum can be announced by the President or Parliament of Ukraine in cases specified by the Constitution. The subject of the all-Ukrainian referendum can be the following issues:
The following issues cannot be the subject of an all-Ukrainian referendum:
An all-Ukrainian referendum shall be considered to have taken place if at least 50% of the voters included in the State Register of Voters take part in the voting.
In addition, the Law stipulates that a decision made in an all-Ukrainian referendum can be changed only by holding another referendum not earlier than three years after its adoption. A new referendum on issues not previously supported in such a vote may be held no earlier than one year after the announcement of its results.
"It is important to understand that the referendum will not replace the work of the Verkhovna Rada. It is up to Parliament to pass laws and regulate public relations. But citizens will have an instrument of influence on the state to ensure that such regulations are not distinct from the interests of the people as the only source of power and sovereignty," said Olexandr Banchuk.