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Famous public and statesmen

Prominent statesmen and public figures

 

 

 

Anna Yaroslavna

(between 1024 and 1032 nearely 1075)

Daughter of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (Mudry), since 1049 wife of the French King Henry I.

In 1060 King Henry died, and Anna has become a regent at the time of her sons ruling Fillip I (10601108). Together with her son she signed documents, putting her signature in Cyrillic alphabet. For the second time she married the Count Raul III de Krepi and Valua by birth.

 

 

 

 

Bandera Stepan Andriyovych

(1909- 1959)

Head of the Ukrainian Nationalists Organization

Since 1931 deputy of regional leader, then head of regional execution UNO and commandant of ULO. He was condemned to death for murder organization of the Home Secretaryof Poland in 1934 but a sentence had been vacated and commuted to life imprisonment. He was released in September 1939. In 1940 Bandera headed the revolutional group UNO. On June 30, 1941 was elected a member of the government of the proclaimed in Lviv renewed Ukrainian state. He was a prisoner of German concentration camps. After the war headed the movement of west units of UNO.

 

 

 

 

 

Vynnychenko Volodymyr Kyrylovych

(1880-1951)

Writer, public and statesman. Head of Directoire (1918-1919)

Volodymyr Vynnychenko is the author of the most important legislative acts of UNR. He is a writer of the world standard as well. But at the Soviet time he was striked off the Ukrainian literature.

 

 

 

 

Volodymyr Monomakh

(1053-1125)

Grand Prince of Kyiv(1113-1125)

The peak of high society and church building, literature and painting characterizes the period of Volodymyr Monomakhs ruling. The celebrated memo of old-russian literature The Story of Bygone Years was written under the influence of the Grand Prince. Prominent statesman and commander, who participated in 83 campaigns, was also an outstanding writer, wrote Admonition for his children in nearly 1117, which contained a number of interesting facts of the princes life, rules of life and cohabitation laws of that time society based on the principle of Christian morality and code of honor. He urged to the princes to avoid wars and strifes for the sake of state integrity.

 

 

 

 

Volodymyr Svyatoslavovych (after the christening Vasyliy

(?-1015)

Saint, Apostle; Grand Prince of Kyiv (since 980)

Grand Prince of Kyiv (nearly 978-1015), prominent statesman, son of Svyatoslav Ihorovych. Nearly 988-989 introduced Christianity in Rus, finished the integration of all East-Slavonic lands of Kyivan Rus, the borders of which extended from the Carpathians, including Zakarpattya, in the west, to Volha in the west, from Novhorod in the north to the Black Sea in the south, recovered Peremyshl and Chervensk lands, began to establish schools and libraries. During the period of Volodymyrs ruling the Kyivan Rus reached the greatest might. After the death he was canonized by the Orthodox Church.

 

 

 

 

Hrushevsky Mykhaylo Serhiyovych

(1866-1934)

Historian, public and statesman; Head of Tsentraljna Rada (The Central Council) (1917-1918)

Mykhaylo Hrushevsky is a scientist of the world standard, his creative heritage amaze by its subject range, encyclopaedic, fundamental nature. About two thousand of works of history, sociology, literature, ethnography, folklore issued from his pen. But first of all he went down in native history as a great chronicler, author of the fundamental History of Ukraine Rus.

 

 

 

 

Danylo Halytsky

(1201-1264)

The Prince of Galician-Volyn land, diplomat and commander

His state (Galician-Volyn land) played an important role in the history of Ukraine at the first stage of Ukrainian state building being in the XIII century for a short period of time under the ruling of Russian monarch equal between the European holders.

 

 

 

 

 

Doroshenko Petro Dorophiyovych

(1627-1698)

Hetman of the Right-bank Ukraine (1665-1676)

Outstanding Ukrainian statesman, political and military figure, Hetman of Ukraine (1665-1676). Born in the city of Chyhyryn. Originated from the old Cossacks family, a grandson of M.Doroshenko. With excellent education, good knowledge of Polish and Latin. Participated in the Ukrainian national liberation war under the direction of B.Khmelnytsky 1648-1657 as a cossack and clerk of Chyhyryn regiment. Carried out important orders of B.Khmelnytsky, negotiated with the Polish and Swedish governments.

 

 

 

 

Drahomanov Mykhaylo Petrovych

(1841-1895)

Publicist, historian, literary critic, specialist in folklore, economist, philosopher, public man

Drahomanov is considered to be a founder of the national political science, historian of politics. It was him who created assortments on political ideas development in the states of the West Europe investigated the theory of absolutism, liberalism in detail, adopting a series of progressive provisions of several trends, gave concentrated prove of his constitutional and legal doctrine

 

 

 

 

Kravchuk Leonid Makarovych

(Born in 1934)

Public and statesman. The first President of independent Ukraine (1991-1994)

The first President of Independent Ukraine is traditionally associated with the Act of Independence Adoption, Referendum on December 1, 1991, liquidation of USSR, new state symbols, ranging from SIC, first steps to the integration of Ukraine into the European structures.

 

 

 

 

 

Kuchma Leonid Danylovych

(Born in 1938)

President of Ukraine (1994-1999). Reelected to the second term of Presidency 14.11.1999

Ukraine integrated into the European and world structures due to Leonid Kuchma: accession into the Council of Europe, signing of agreements with European Union and other international organizations. In home policy Leonid Kuchma is characterized by prudent consistency and farsight. He spared no effort to regulate a very complicated issue concerning the Crimean separatism.

 

 

 

 

Mazepa Ivan Stepanovych

(Nearly 1640-1709)

Hetman of the Left-bank Ukraine (1687-1709)

One of the most distinguished Hetmans, who was at power for the longest period of time (above 20 years). Though the life of Mazepa was unknown in Ukraine for a long time. Europe knew Mazepa due to the works of Wolter, Slovatsky, poems of Viktor Huho and Bayron, musical poem of List, history of Peter I issued in German. In Russia the works of Mazepa entitled either Poltava or Voynarovsky. Only Chaykovsky took the courage to call his opera Mazepa, but the Ukrainian Hetman was characterized more as an old arch lover than a statesman.

 

Nalyvayko Severyn

(?-1597)

Leader of one of the most mass revolts in Ukraine and Byelorussia (1594-1596)

According to the Polish sources Severyn Nalyvayko was a man handsome and of exceptional ability besides a well-known artilleryman. The son of Halytsky shoemaker who died from magnates blows.

 

 

 

 

Olha (Grand Duchess)

(Nearly 890969)

Saint; Grand Duchess of Kyiv (945957)

The Duchess was famous for her wisdom, courage and decisiveness. The enemies were afraid of her but people admired her for charity, godlinessrighteousness and kindness. After the death of her husband she followed reserved and charitable way of life being a widow refusing to marry for the second time. When her son Svyatoslav grew up she delegated managerial authorities to him and concentrated on charity herself. In Constantinopol Olha adopted Christianity and began to spread the idea of Christianity among heathen people.

 

 

 

 

Orlyk Pylyp

(1672-1742)

Hetman of the Right-bank Ukraine (1710-1714), Hetman of Ukraine in a foreign land (1714-1742)

Highly educated, with subtle national-political intellect, passionate and conscious patriot and fighter for independent Ukraine, Pylyp Orlyk was notable in that time of Ukrainian Cossack chairman. Orlyk represented a new type of patriot and intellectual, who didnt abandon the thought of independence reconstruction in the Ukrainian state being in difficult conditions of emigration.

 

 

 

 

Petlyura Symon

(1879-1926)

Statesman and military man

Symon Petlyura is undoubtedly one of the most outstanding figures of the Ukrainian history by the beginning of the XX century. His name is associated with the Ukrainian state formation and Ukrainian army but at the same time his personality is one of the most contradictory of the national liberation war.

 

 

 

 

Rozumovsky Kyrylo Hryhorovych

(1728 1803)

The last Hetman of the Left-bank Ukraine (1750-1764), President of Petersburg Academy of Science (1746-1798)

Despite the fact that Rozumovsky was not a military successor of his previous hetmans nevertheless he is stamped in descendants memory as a wise and well-educated leader because of his purposeful state activity and aspiration to protect the Ukrainian autonomy. The period of his ruling went down in history as a gold autumn of the autonomous Ukraine.

 

 

 

 

Sahaydachny Petro Kononovych

(nearly 1560-1622)

Hetman of the Ukrainian register Cossacks

The fight against captivity and Catholic intrusion on Orthodox Ukraine was the most important activity of Sahaydachny. He took the side of opposition part of the Ukrainian lower-middle class and orthodox clergy in the struggle against expansion and with the 20 thousand Zaporizhya Army. He entered Bohoyavlensky fraternity opposing the policy of gentry Poland.

 

 

 

 

Sirko Ivan

(?-1680)

Koshovyi Ataman of the Zaporozhian Sich (the head of the ruling body of the Zaporozhian Sich, on campaigns, commander-in-chief)

Ivan Sirko campaigned with zaporozhtsi to Perekop, Ochakiv, Akkerman, Bendery, Black and Kuchmansky routes, seized tatar fortresses at mouth of the Dnipro. Under his direction the Cossacks explored steppes and the mouth of Dnipro, entrapped by the temporary bridges, were on the watch near the flood, smashed up camps on their return to Crimea with their prisoners and loot. The fame about the feats of arms of zaporozhtsi had been spread outside Ukraine. Zaporizhya army was at its zenith at that time. In April 1672 a Poltavian colonel Fedir Zhuchenko meanly captured Ivan Sirko, bringing false accusations against the famous zaporozhian colonel, put him into irons and gave up to tsarist government.

 

 

 

 

Skoropadsky Pavlo Petrovych

(1873-1945)

Hetman of Ukraine (1918)

Skoropadsky tried to reinforce the Ukrainian state, introduced the Ukrainian state, cultural and scientific institutions, Ukrainian symbols. At the same time he failed to overcome Bolshevik propaganda and oppositional movements in society caused by autocratic methods of ruling of hetman power and agrarian dependence.

 

 

 

 

Khmelnytsky Bohdan (Zinoviy) Mykhaylovych

(nearly 1595-1657)

Statesman, colonel; Hetman of Ukraine (1648-1657)

Six years of struggle for the Ukrainian state during the national liberation war under the direction of Bohdan Khmelnytsky in 1648-1654 demonstarted an extremely high level of public maturity of our ancestors. The entire world admired the victories of Ukrainian army over the Polish gentry, personality of Bohdan Khmelnytsky as a statesman, colonel, diplomat, Zaporozhian Cossack and their legendary courage and military skillfulness. The Cossack state, established by Bohdan Khmelnytsky in a short space of time and in extreme conditions of operations, was characterized by high democratic principles of autonomy.

 

 

 

 

Yaroslav the Wise (Mudry)

(nearly 978-1054)

Statesman of Kyivan Rus, Kyivan Grand Prince (since 1019)

Long ruling of Yaroslav resulted in might and rapid development in all spheres of political and cultural life of Rus. Simultaneously, with great building in Kyiv the Prince strenghtened the south frontiers, built new defense fortified lines down the Ros River, established severeal towns, namely Yurjiv and down the Volha river Yaroslav. On the west, he won back chervenski lands from the Poles, put under his supervision Baltic tribes, smashed old and menacing enemies of Rus pechenihy. Owning to Yaroslav the fronties of old-Russian state stretched from the Baltic to the Black sea and from the Oka River to the Carpathians. Yaroslav succeded to finish his farhters goal (Volodymyr the Great): on the west of Europe great Slavonic state with a powerful army, high level of culture, wide international economic and political relations was formed.

 

 

 

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